# Ashutosh Writes # any() function in Python

## Introduction

The `any()` function returns `True` if any element in the given iterable is true. If not, it returns `False`.

The `any()` function takes a single parameter `iterable` and returns `True` if any element in an iterable is true or `False` if all elements in an iterable are false or if an iterable is empty.

The syntax of the `any()` function is:

``````any(iterable)
``````

where iterable can be any iterable (list, tuple, dictionary, etc.) which contains the elements.

Since `any()` can return `True` and `False` depending upon the conditions, we can summarise its return value in the following table:

Return value of `any()` in various conditions| Condition | Return Value | | --- | --- | | All values are `True` | `True` | | All values are `False` | `False` | | One of the values in `True` (others are `False`) | `True` | | One of the values is `False` (others are `True`) | `True` | | Empty iterable | `False` |

 Condition Return Value All values are `True` `True` All values are `False` `False` One of the values in `True` (others are `False`) `True` One of the values is `False` (others are `True`) `True` Empty Iterable `False`

## Working of `any()` for lists, tuples, and sets

``````## All values are true
list1 = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
print(any(list1))

## All values are false
list2 = [0, False]
print(any(list2))

## One value is false(i.e. 0)
list3 = [1, 2, 3, 4, 0]
print(any(list3))

## One value is true(i.e. 1)
list4 = [0, False, 1]
print(any(list4))

## Empty iterable
list5 = []
print(any(list5))
``````

Output:

``````True
False
True
True
False
``````

## Working of `any()` for strings

``````string1 = "I am learning Python built-ins"
print(any(string1))

## 0 is False but '0' is True
string2 = '00000'
print(any(string2))

## Empty String
string3 = ''
print(any(string3))
``````

Output:

``````True
True
False
``````

## Working of `any()` for dictionaries

``````## O is False
dict1 = {0: 'False', 1: 'True'}
print(any(dict1))

## All values are true
dict2 = {1: 'True', 2: 'True'}
print(any(dict2))

## One value is False
dict3 = {1: 'True', False: 0}
print(any(dict3))

## Empty dictionary
dict4 = {}
print(any(dict4))

## 0 is False but '0' is True
dict5 = {'0': 'False'}
print(any(dict5))
``````

Output:

``````True
True
True
False
True
``````

In the case of dictionaries, if all keys (not values) are false or the dictionary is empty, `any()` returns `False`. If at least one key is true, `any()` returns `True`.

Note: 0 is considered as False and 1 is considered as True in Python. In addition to that, '0' is True whereas 0 is False.

## Conclusion

In this part, we learned about the Python `any()` function with the help of examples.